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So suggests new research that tracked changes in two genes thought to help regulate brain growth, changes that appeared well after the rise of modern humans , years ago. That the defining feature of humans — our large brains — continued to evolve as recently as 5, years ago, and may be doing so today, promises to surprise the average person, if not biologists. Lahn and colleagues examined two genes, named microcephalin and ASPM, that are connected to brain size. If those genes don’t work, babies are born with severely small brains, called microcephaly. Using DNA samples from ethnically diverse populations, they identified a collection of variations in each gene that occurred with unusually high frequency. In fact, the variations were so common they couldn’t be accidental mutations but instead were probably due to natural selection, where genetic changes that are favorable to a species quickly gain a foothold and begin to spread, the researchers report. Lahn offers an analogy: Medieval monks would copy manuscripts and each copy would inevitably contain errors — accidental mutations. Years later, a ruler declares one of those copies the definitive manuscript, and a rush is on to make many copies of that version — so whatever changes from the original are in this presumed important copy become widely disseminated. Scientists attempt to date genetic changes by tracing back to such spread, using a statistical model that assumes genes have a certain mutation rate over time.


Architecture is about the making of places where people spend their lives. Social sciences and psychology is as important as nanotechnology and sustainable materials… Make sure to find out more about plantation shutters here. Study Architecture There is an important questions that needs to be asked. Why study Architecture in the first place?

Bamboo U is a design and build intensive course- 11 day immersion into our bamboo world here in Bali. This program provides students with a foundation in bamboo construction to inform their work as designers, architects, engineers, developers, entrepreneurs, and environmental advocates.

Synchronous calls considered harmful “Microservices” – yet another new term on the crowded streets of software architecture. Although our natural inclination is to pass such things by with a contemptuous glance, this bit of terminology describes a style of software systems that we are finding more and more appealing. We’ve seen many projects use this style in the last few years, and results so far have been positive, so much so that for many of our colleagues this is becoming the default style for building enterprise applications.

Sadly, however, there’s not much information that outlines what the microservice style is and how to do it. In short, the microservice architectural style [1] is an approach to developing a single application as a suite of small services, each running in its own process and communicating with lightweight mechanisms, often an HTTP resource API. These services are built around business capabilities and independently deployable by fully automated deployment machinery. There is a bare minimum of centralized management of these services, which may be written in different programming languages and use different data storage technologies.

My Microservices Resource Guide provides links to the best articles, videos, books, and podcasts about microservices. To start explaining the microservice style it’s useful to compare it to the monolithic style: Enterprise Applications are often built in three main parts: The server-side application will handle HTTP requests, execute domain logic, retrieve and update data from the database, and select and populate HTML views to be sent to the browser.

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This program provides students with a foundation in bamboo construction to inform their work as designers, architects, engineers, developers, entrepreneurs, and environmental advocates. We offer design and construction services for individuals and companies in Indonesia and overseas. With structures featured in Architectural Digest and a feature TED Talk, IBUKU is most known for shattering conventional building practices with… December 13, by admin Our bamboo is carefully selected from the river valleys and mountains of the islands of Bali and Java in Indonesia.

We harvest from clumps that, once established, grow a new generation of shoots each year. The stunning bamboo homes built by Elora Hardy and her team in Bali twist, curve and surprise at every turn. They defy convention because the bamboo itself is so enigmatic.

Architecture – Stadium history. Sports were properly defined a few centuries later, in the second half of the Nineteenth Century, which also saw the setting up of the first clubs and sports federations.

History of Religious Murals in Spain. The fundamental emblematic structure of the Romanesque was the church. Since churches were built to serve the specific requirements of the liturgy, their construction changed as those needs changed. The relationship between an architectural form and its meaning was reflected in the arrangement of the internal areas of churches, which was based on the complementary relationship between the plastic mass of the building and its atmospheric mass.

Romanesque architects re-used the rounded arches, wall masses and barrel-vaults of the Romans, but they also introduced changes. Indeed, while marked by a cruciform floor plan, the early Romanesque saw the overcoming of Byzantine models and the abandonment of the formal language of classical antiquity. The column was replaced by the pillar; spaces previously left empty were filled with thick walls, forming compact masses compare Gothic style designs ; and the elevation of walls was divided into three or even four levels arcade, gallery, triforium, and clerestory.


Bema[ edit ] As numbers of clergy increased, the small apse which contained the altar, or table upon which the sacramental bread and wine were offered in the rite of Holy Communion , was not sufficient to accommodate them. A raised dais called a bema formed part of many large basilican churches. In the case of St. Peter’s Basilica and San Paolo fuori le Mura St Paul’s outside the Walls in Rome, this bema extended laterally beyond the main meeting hall, forming two arms so that the building took on the shape of a T with a projecting apse.

From this beginning, the plan of the church developed into the so-called Latin Cross which is the shape of most Western Cathedrals and large churches. The arms of the cross are called the transept.

What are the Main Characteristics of Early Romanesque Architecture? The fundamental emblematic structure of the Romanesque was the church.

Stadium History It could be no-one but Heracles Hercules in the Roman world , the mythological hero of strength and of exertion, to set the length over which the athletes had to compete against each other in the only competition of the first Olympic Games. Legend has it that six-hundred feet of the hero, one after the other, determined in BC the length of the track of the running event, a length just exceeding m after which the competition itself and the facility welcoming it were named: Starting and finish line were at the two ends and there was one only m long and 32 m wide track.

A stone stand with two separate entrances for judges and for spectators, who could therefore watch the athletes’ efforts and cheer them throughout the competition, was built along the track. The also elongated-U-shaped stand ran along the three sides of the track, two rectilinear and one bended, on the other side opening onto the surrounding landscape. Olympia stadium, which was extended as the Games became popular in the whole ancient Greece, could welcome up to 45, spectators.

As sport became more popular, stadia were built in many Greek towns alongside with hippodromes. These had similar characteristics and dimensions but they were used for horse and chariot racing. These sports facilities soon started to play key roles within the “polis”.

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The Parthenon , Athens , Greece , “the supreme example among architectural sites. An equivalent in modern English would be: Durability — a building should stand up robustly and remain in good condition. Utility — it should be suitable for the purposes for which it is used. Beauty — it should be aesthetically pleasing. According to Vitruvius, the architect should strive to fulfill each of these three attributes as well as possible.

The term “Microservice Architecture” has sprung up over the last few years to describe a particular way of designing software applications as suites of independently deployable.

Architecture of Ancient Rome Roman architecture, even more than the rest of Roman art , reflected the practical character, restless energy and organizational mindset of its creators. As the Roman Empire expanded to engulf not only the Mediterranean region but also large areas of Western Europe, Roman architects struggled to achieve two overriding aims: To this end, they mastered a number of important architectural techniques, including the arch, the dome and the vault, as well as the use of concrete.

Using these methods, Roman engineers designed and built some of the greatest public buildings in the history of architecture , including temples, basilicas, amphitheatres, triumphal arches, monuments, and public baths. In addition, to further reinforce the ideals of the Pax Romana and, above all, maintain efficiency and order, Roman architects designed numerous aqueducts, drainage systems, and bridges, as well as a vast network of roads, while planners developed a series of urban blueprints, based on army camps, to help create new towns from scratch.

Roman architects absorbed a great deal from Etruscan art and design, and had huge respect for both Greek architecture and Greek sculpture. They also learned from Egyptian pyramid architecture and stonework. Architecture is Ancient Rome’s unique contribution to the history of art and to the culture of Europe. It is far more influential than the various forms of Roman sculpture , most of which were derived from the Greeks. Among the greatest buildings erected by the Romans, were: Many aspects of Roman building design were examined by the architect Marcus Vitruvius active, late 1st century BCE in his architectural treatise De architectura c.

Roman Characteristics Mighty Rome! Conqueror of Gaul and Carthage, of Greece and Egypt, mistress of the Western world through six centuries, capital of the mighty Caesars, unchallenged home of grandeur, spectacle, and magnificence, splendid with the art plundered from a hundred enslaved peoples, giver of laws and morals and military science to all the West.

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Geography[ edit ] The mainland and islands of Greece are very rocky, with deeply indented coastline, and rugged mountain ranges with few substantial forests. The most freely available building material is stone. Limestone was readily available and easily worked. This finely grained material was a major contributing factor to precision of detail, both architectural and sculptural, that adorned ancient Greek architecture. It was used not only for pottery vessels, but also roof tiles and architectural decoration.

Architecture is the art and science of designing buildings and other physical structures. Architecture is about the making of places where people spend their lives.

First building is erected in Swakopmund a barrack for troops. First people to be buried in the local cemetery – 5 sailors who drowned in boat accident. Lieutenant Troost’s attempts to solve transport problem by introducing ” Martin Luther ”. First post office in town. Introduction of cable telegraph service. Water pipeline from Swakop. First passengers is landed at the Mole. Telephone service established with 40 subscribers.

The newspaper Deutsche Suedwestafrikanische Zeitung published. Swakopmund is an independent municipality. Shipping connection with New York. First Swakopmunder Zeitung published. Shelling of the harbour by British naval cruisers. Swakopmund is evacuated inland.

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